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1960: Volleyball fever in Brazil, both World Championship titles go to the Soviet Union again

 
Lausanne, Switzerland, June 5, 2014 - The two FIVB
World Championships are the highlights of the year. In the run-up to the
title showdowns for the men in Poland (August 30 to September 21)
and for the women in Italy (September 23 to October 12), each week
we take a look back at the stories to emerge from previous competitions.
In part four, we look at the 1960 FIVB World Championships in Rio de
Janeiro, the first of these highlights to be held outside Europe.


It
goes without saying that there were once again plenty of new things to
talk about at the fourth staging of the FIVB World Championships. For
instance, the competition in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from October 28 to
November 15, 1960, was the first World Championship ever to be held
outside Europe.

It also marked the first time teams from other
continents outnumbered the European teams. And that despite India,
Mexico and Dominican Republic withdrawing at the last minute. In the
end, 14 men’s and ten women’s teams took to the courts in Brazil. The
Soviet Union won both titles to restore the old balance of power – sweet
revenge after the men had been dethroned by Czechoslovakia four years
earlier in Paris.

The European teams – including Germany, who had
traveled to the tournament by ship – found the alien climate in
Copacabana, with its tropical heat and sudden downpours, particularly
uncomfortable. However, the temperature in the large sport arena
adjacent to the world-famous Maracana stadium was perfect. And that
despite crowds of up to 20,000 passionate fans flocking to watch the
action. The World Championship truly ignited the passion for volleyball
in South America – never before had the continent witnessed such
impressive viewing figures.

And the fans had plenty to cheer
about too, as the Brazilian men finished fifth, making them the
best-placed team behind the dominant outfits from Eastern Europe. The
Selecao won four matches in the final round of the top ten teams and
even managed to take a set off the dominant Soviet Union's team. It was
the start of a major rivalry, which still dominates the volleyball world
today – now with the successor state Russia.

The Soviet Union’s
men were never truly challenged in their quest to regain the title in
1960, winning all eleven of their matches over the course of the
tournament. This was their third title in four World Championships.
Particularly striking was the dramatically improved technique of the
rejuvenated Soviet team, who no longer relied solely on their power game
right from the word go. The outstanding players in the squad assembled
around playmaker Gerogy Mondzolevski were top spiker Ivans Bugajenkovs
and the technically impressive Yuri Chesnokov and Yuriy Poyarkov. The
latter continued to play for his country right through to the 1972
Olympic Games in Munich.

Czechoslovakia were defeated 3:0 in the
deciding match, meaning the 1956 World Champions had to settle for
silver. Bronze went to Romania, who also boasted the player of the
tournament in Stefan Roman. The fifth-placed Brazilians, USA (seventh)
and Japan (eighth) all impressed.

Japan were the surprise package
in the women’s competition, claiming the silver medal on their FIVB
World Championship debut. The women from the Far East dazzled with their
acrobatic, cat-like defence and fast-paced attacking game. This would
go on to hugely influence the way modern volleyball was to develop over
the next years. However, one opponent was simply too big. Japan lost 1:3
to the Soviet Union, who won their third title at the third Women’s
World Championship.

The signs were there that the champions’
superiority was on the wane, however: the team that had until that point
been so utterly dominant trailed the fourth-placed Poles 0:1 and 1:2
before eventually coming through to win 3:2. The Soviet team was led for
the last time by 37-year-old Aleksandra Chudina, who called time on her
international career after the competition. The MVP was 22-year-old
Lyudmila Buldakova, who emerged as a real star at these World
Championships. Bronze went to Czechoslovakia, with the hosts from Brazil
ending up fifth. The Brazilians, however, certainly deserved a gold
medal for staging such an impressive competition.
Read more about previous editions of the FIVB Volleyball World Championships by clicking on the links below.



1956: Czechoslovakia claim trophy in Paris
1952: Soviet Union win double gold in Moscow
1949: Soviet Union win inaugural World Championships

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